If the quoted material that follows begins in the middle of a sentence and was not capitalized in the original, use a capital in brackets to indicate the change while making the sentence correct. If you need to add a couple of words within a quote to clarify something, put your own words in brackets.
In-text citations are essential in any nonfiction writing. They are shorthand that allows the reader to locate more information about your source on your works cited page. In MLA style, a parenthetical citation contains the author's last name and the page number where the quote can be found: You can omit the author's name if you've already identified her as the person speaking or writing, and just use the page number within parentheses.
If you're quoting more than one Smith, include a first initial; if you're quoting more than one book by Smith, include a shortened version of this book's title. Parenthetical citations belong outside the last set of quotation marks, before the punctuation that ends the sentence for a short quote and following it for a block quote.
If you are quoting a work with no known author, use a shortened version of the title of the work in your parenthetical citation, putting this in quotation marks if it's an article or short work and in italics if it is a full-length book. If you're citing a website, omit page numbers. The important thing is that the first word of your citation be the same as the first word of the work's entry on your works cited page, so the reader can find it easily. If you're citing a work by three or more authors, use all last names in your initial citation; after that, you can name just the first one and use the phrase et al as shorthand for including the rest.
If you're citing an encyclopedia or similar work that has multiple volumes, include the volume number. In citing the Bible, identify the version in your first mention, followed by book, chapter and verse. If you're citing a work that has been reprinted many times with different pagination, follow your page number with a colon and a little more information: APA style requires the author's name, page number and year of publication to be part of the in-text citation.
You can include all of this information within parentheses Smith, , p. Smith observed that "the penguins seemed confused by the nuclear explosion" p. If you're citing an electronic source, use the title of the section or page the work is on and a paragraph number with the abbreviation "para. Anne Pyburn Craig has written for a range of regional and local publications ranging from in-depth local investigative journalism to parenting, business, real estate and green building publications.
She frequently writes tourism and lifestyle articles for chamber of commerce publications and is a respected book reviewer. Whose woods these are I think I know. Indicate a short omission with an ellipsis three spaced periods. Use an ellipsis when you have a long quotation that needs shortening or when you need to leave out material that is not relevant to the point you are making.
If an ellipsis covers a line break, do not worry about including a backslash inside the ellipsis, as in the above example. But if you continue on without an ellipsis, include the backslashes that indicate line breaks. Robert Frost discusses solitude and a desire to forget obligations when he writes, "The woods are lovely Use a full line of ellipses when you delete one or more lines of a poem. Again, delete lines that are not relevant to the point you are making. Make the line of ellipses approximately as long as the lines of poetry to keep the symmetry of the poem.
Part 1 Quiz How should you use quotation marks when quoting a poem? When quoting four or more lines. When you use the author's name. When you use a phrase verbatim from another source.
When you paraphrase an idea. Create the in-text citation. Add the line numbers, if provided, in parentheses right after the closing quotation marks. Place the closing punctuation after the parentheses. However, if you do not include the author's name in your quote introduction eg Some poets write about Add line numbers after you quote several single words or phrases.
Add a line number at the end of your sentence when you only quote one word. Example of one quoted word: Example of multiple words: Just make sure that you include the proper line numbers, whatever the form. If you are citing a longer section of the poem, you will include more line numbers If you cite two separate sections using an ellipsis, indicate the range of the sections with a comma separating them , Cite long quotes and short quotes differently.
In MLA format, any quote over three lines is considered a long quote and should be formatted and cited differently. As previously mentioned, long quotes are indented 1 inch or 10 spaces from the left margin and aren't surrounded by quotation marks. Because there are no quotation marks for a long quote, the punctuation goes at the end of the quoted material, not after the citation, whereas the punctuation appears after the in-text citation for a short quote.
Example of citing a short quote: Example of citing a long quote: Use short poem titles in citations when you have more than one poem by the same author. If you're using two or more poems by the same author, then just using the author's last name isn't a clear enough indication for the in-text citation for which poem you're discussing or quoting from.
In this case, put the author's last name, a comma, the poem title or a shortened version in quotes, a space, and then the line numbers from the poem. Part 2 Quiz How do you use in-text citations when citing poetry in an essay? Place line numbers before the quote. Include the author's name even if you include it in your introduction to the quote. If you use 2 or more poems by the same author, you only need the author's last name.
Do not include a line number at the end of your sentence when you only quote 1 word. None of the above. Cite the poem you found in a book. Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc.
Cite a poem you found on a website. The date the poem was posted in day-month-year order. If there is no date, put n. The publication medium Web. The date you accessed the poem on the website. Cite a poem you found in an anthology. An anthology is a collection of texts; it can be a collection of poems, short stories, excerpts from novels, a combination of these things, etc. Name of editor of the anthology.
Edition of the anthology if there is one. Page numbers of the poem. Cite two or more poems by the same author. If you have two or more poems by the same author, list them alphabetically on your Works Cited page. The first entry alphabetically will appear normally, but the second and any other subsequent entries by the same author entry will have three dashes - instead of the author's name.
Part 3 Quiz True or False: You cannot cite a poem you found online. Not Helpful 5 Helpful 5. MLA format is how writers talk about poetry or other works , not a style people actually write poetry in. So MLA format governs how you might write about a poem for a class at school, but does not provide guidelines for actually writing poetry. Not Helpful 10 Helpful 6.
How do I determine the lines I am quoting from; how do I count the lines? Wherever there is a line break that is another line to count. So whenever the text moves down to another line, count it as another line. Not Helpful 4 Helpful 3. Do it the same way you would quote 3 or fewer lines of poetry as explained above. Include the author's name and the title of the poem when introducing the quotation. Be sure to hand in an MLA works cited page when handing in the speech.
Not Helpful 2 Helpful 2. The text of the essay is double spaced. Should my poem quoted of four of more lines be double spaced? Answer this question Flag as How do I reference a poem if I used a handbook a university gave me, which was printed in-house and was not published? How would you cite poems in the text if you are using multiple poems by the same poet?
How do I format a works cited page for a play? How do I cite a poem in a work cited page?
One, you should put the proper citation at the end of the direct quote. Two, you should always insert quotation marks at the beginning and at the end of your quote to indicate that the sentence in your paragraph is borrowed from another source. Examples: Secondhand smoke is one of the primary causes of lung-related ailments including asthma.
Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks.
Properly placed quotes add power and detail to your essay writing. Putting the right expert observation in the right place can make an essay shine. Don't allow improper formatting to distract your reader. Using quotes in your essay is a good way to hook the reader, engaging with them and enticing them to continue reading. Whichever quote you choose to use, make sure that it contributes to your essay and doesn’t distract from it.
Use double quotation marks for the quote itself and, where applicable, single quotation marks for quotes within the quote. You may include a question mark or exclamation mark within the quotation marks if they are part of the original text. How to quote a source Additional resources These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing.