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Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Newspaper Articles
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Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.

An R after the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O after the name means it is optional. Given names containing punctuation, a prefix, a preposition, or particle. Degrees, titles, and honors before or after a personal name. Article titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or other special character.

Translated article titles ending in punctuation other than a period. Optional volume and issue numbers used instead of section information. When geography influences treatment options. Washington Post Maryland Ed. FDA orders recall of intravenous pumps. New York Times Washington Final. Obesity increase creating special needs. Miami Herald Final Ed. How mercury rules designed for safety end up polluting. Major decline in U. Taking steps back to normal after novel rabies therapy.

New York Times National Ed. Cancer deaths decline for 1st time since Dogs trained to sniff out cancer: Chicago Tribune Final Ed. Chernobyl takes its toll among emigres in U. Finding out what's in your water.

For one minority, a bias that's just so not right. More abuse victims would tell doctors - if doctors would ask. Minneapolis Star-Tribune Metro Ed. Angola is hit by cholera outbreak. Mumps outbreak spreading in Midwest. Vergano D, Lefort M. Stem cell implants in apes' brains bring warning: Se retractan cientificos sudcoreanos; admiten mentiras sobre la clonacion. La Jornada Mexico City.

Tchernobyl, 20 ans apres: Le Monde France Metropolitan. Se retractan cientificos sudcoreanos; admiten mentiras sobre la clonacion [South Korean scientists retract themselves; they admit lies on cloning]. Warning over diabetes monitors: Junior's chubby cheeks are cute, but they might never go away: The Record Stockton, AZ.

Nonprescription sales of cholesterol drug rejected: FDA panel says risk of side effects outweigh benefits. Washington Post Final Ed. Web site offers checkup on media health coverage. Louis Post Dispatch 3rd Ed. UnitedHealth-PacifiCare deal hailed, deplored. The Baltimore Sun Weekend Ed. La "gripe del pollo" vuela can las aves silvestres [The "bird flu" flies with the wild birds]. El Pais Madrid Ed.

Rare drug mix-up can paralyze or kill: Spoonful of cold reality. Graedon J, Graedon T. Amnesia and cholesterol-lowering prescription drugs.

Grievance panel seeks reprimand for Gansler. Washington Post Home Ed. Second look shows value of calcium. Boston Globe 3rd Ed. A year later, efforts are on to avoid another botched transplant. Mumps epidemic spreads; more vaccine promised. Iowa City, Apr When staying cool seems better than being bad. Part of a weekly series of stories about the sociology and psychology behind news events. Psychiatrists revise the book of human troubles.

New York Times [Internet]. Jump in doctor visits and deaths in flu season. Risk of disease rises with water temperatures. Turn recording back on. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Show details Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor. Chapter 8 Newspaper Articles Created: Sample Citation and Introduction. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Newspaper Articles The general format for a reference to a newspaper article, including punctuation: Names of newspapers are never abbreviated e.

Hurricane Florence, a Category 1 storm, will impact millions along the East Coast, particularly in the Carolinas.

Scientists say a warmer world makes for nastier hurricanes. The governor of Massachusetts declared a state of emergency on Friday after a series of deadly gas explosions killed a teen and injured 25 others in an area just north of Boston.

A police officer in Texas was arrested this week on charges of child sexual assault, according to a local report. National Hurricane Center warns that Florence remains a dangerous storm with flooding and storm surge risks. Millions of people in the path of Hurricane Florence are hunkering down Friday as the monster storm pummels North and South Carolina, bringing catastrophic inundations and flooding Rihanna's Diamond Ball shined in its fourth year and continued to make a name as one of the industry's white-hot and must-attend parties — all while raising money for charity.

Once you know who you are writing for you can format an outline that will get the best information to the right audience as quickly as possible. Why is this article unique to you? What is your voice? These questions will help you to make your news article unique and something that only you could write.

Even if you are covering a popular story or topic that others are writing about, look for an angle that will make this one yours. Do you have a personal experience that relates to your topic? Maybe you know someone who is an expert that you can interview. When writing a news article, interviewing people and getting a first hand source on your topic can be invaluable.

And while reaching out to people and asking for an interview may seem daunting, it can greatly affect the credibility and authority of your article. Reach out through a phone call, email, or even social media and ask someone if you can interview them. When you do interview people you need to follow a few rules: Keep an open mind. While you are encouraged to ask questions and listen to anecdotes, you are not there to judge.

Record and write down important information from the interview, and be transparent with what you are doing and why you are doing this interview. Start with the lead. Begin with a strong leading sentence.

News articles begin with a leading sentence that is meant to grab a reader's attention and interest them. This is one of the most important parts of the piece, so start with the good stuff when writing a news article. Remember the inverted triangle. Your lead should be one sentence and should simply, but completely, state the topic of the article.

Remember when you had to write essays for school? Your lead is like your thesis statement. Give all the important details. The next important step to writing news articles is including all the relevant facts and details that relate to your lead statement.

Include the basics of what happened, where and when it took place, who is involved and why it's newsworthy. These details are important, because they are the focal point of the article that fully informs the reader. If you are writing an opinion piece, this is where you will state what your opinion is as well. Follow up main facts with additional information. After you've listed all the primary facts in your news article, include any additional information that might help the reader learn more, such as contact information, additional facts about the topic or people involved, or quotes from interviews.

This additional information helps round out the article and can help you transition to new points as you move along. If you have an opinion, this is where you will identify the opposing views and the people who hold them. A good news article will outline facts and information. A great news article will allow readers to engage on an emotional level.

To engage your readers, you should provide enough information that anyone reading your news article can make an informed opinion, even if it contrasts with yours. Your readers should still be able to learn enough about your topic to form an opinion. Congratulate your readers for sticking with you to the end by giving the reader something to take away, like potential solutions to the problem or challenges expressed in your article.

Make sure your news article is complete and finished by giving it a good concluding sentence. This is often a restatement of the leading statement thesis or a statement indicating potential future developments relating to the article topic.

Read other news articles for ideas on how to best accomplish this. Or, watch news stations or shows. See how a news anchor will wrap up a story and sign off, then try to emulate that. Check facts before publishing. Having incorrect facts will immediately discredit your article and could hinder you as a writer.

Be sure to double check all the facts in your news article before you submit it, including names, dates, and contact information or addresses. Writing accurately is one of the best ways to establish yourself as a competent news article writer.

Ensure you have followed your outline and have been consistent with style. There are several styles of news articles and journalism from objective reporting to Gonzo A style of journalism where the reporter describes the events in a subjective manner, usually through a first person narrative. Avoid any language that is overly positive or negative or statements that could be construed as support or criticism.

If your article is meant to be more in the style of interpretive journalism then check to make sure that you have given deep enough explanations of the larger story and offered multiple viewpoints throughout.

Follow the AP Style for formatting and citing sources. Journalists, and therefore news articles follow AP Style for sources and citations in most cases. When writing a news article, be sure to only include one space after a period, not two. Have your editor read your article. Even if you have gone through your story several times and think that everything is squared away, you should let another pair of eyes take a look at it. In addition to finding any spelling or grammatical errors, your editor will be able to help you trim down certain sections and simplify awkward sentences.

An extra pair of eyes can double check your facts and the information to ensure that what you have written is accurate. If you are writing a news article for school or your own personal website, then have a friend take a look at it and give you notes. But these should be listened to. Remember, with so many news articles getting published every minute you need to ensure that your widest possible audience can easily digest the information you have provided. Not Helpful 2 Helpful It can vary in length, however I typically write sentences in the lead paragraph.

Make sure you include a thesis and brief summary to guide the rest of your article. The lead paragraph should be a guide to the whole article. Not Helpful 22 Helpful Not Helpful 0 Helpful 5. The main qualities of a good news writer is the ability to search out a news worthy event or idea that others may find interesting.

They are clear, concise, and relate to their audience.

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