The most complicated and exhausting part of drafting a successful statement is searching for reliable information. He is the one who can help you with this task. Create a research paper outline. Having the previous stage done, start drafting. During this stage try to plan out the main ideas of the work. You will understand the advantage of this step while writing the fundamental part of the statement.
The thesis helps you keep yourself on the right track and not get lost in thoughts. Therefore, create a strong and detailed thesis statement.
Brainstorm and formulate several theses. Ensure your hypothesis is evident. It is the key to understanding and evaluating your entire work, which is why you want to include all the information needed for comprehending your topic to not mislead or confuse your reader. You should do your best to make your thesis flawless.
However, it is okay if you face certain difficulties. It is not easy to formulate a good thesis and if you are unsure of your skills or knowledge, we advise you to use a thesis statement generator. Such tools will help you cope with this matter fast and easily.
The idea behind the methodology section is that another researcher can exactly replicate your experiments without having to guess what equipment and what techniques should be used. Scientific articles are peer reviewed and this includes the possibility that other researchers may try to replicate your results.
There have been many high profile scientific breakthroughs over the years whose results were unable to be repeated; these experiments were disregarded. For field studies you should give an exact map reference and time as well as including a map in the appendix.
If you used complex machinery or computer programs in the course of your experiment, to avoid breaking the flow of your report, you should give only the main information and refer to the exact technical specifications in the appendix. These should be a quick synopsis of the facts, figures and statistical tests used to arrive at your final results. You should try to avoid cluttering up your report and insert most of your raw data into the appendix.
It is far better to stick with including only tables and graphs that show clearly the results. Do not be tempted to insert large numbers of graphs and figures just for the sake of it; each figure and graph should be mentioned, referred to and discussed in the text. Try to avoid putting in tables and graphs showing the same information; select the type that shows your results most clearly.
It is usually preferable to use graphs and relegate the tables to the appendix because it is easier to show trends in graphical format. Figures and graphs should be clear and occupy at least half a page; you are not a magazine editor trying to fit a small graph into an article.
All such information must be numbered, as diagrams for graphs and illustrations, and figures for tables; they should be referred to by this number in the body of the report. You do not need to put the full breakdown of the calculations used for your statistical tests; most scientists hate statistics and are only interested in whether your results were significant or not. Relegate the calculations to the appendix.
The results section of your report should be neutral and you should avoid discussing your results or how they differed from or compared with what was expected. This information belongs in the next section. This is the pivotal section of your hard work in obtaining and analyzing your results. In your discussion you should seek to discuss your findings, and describe how they compared and differed from the results you expected. In a nutshell, you are trying to show whether your hypothesis was proved, not proved or inconclusive.
You must be extremely critical of yourself in this section; you will not get marked down for mistakes in experiment design or for poor results, only for not recognizing them. Everybody who has written a dissertation or thesis has had to give a presentation to a room full of fellow students, scientists and professors and give a quick synopsis. These people will tear your report apart if you do not recognize its shortcomings and flaws. Very few experiments are per cent correct in their design and conception so it is not really important what your results were, only that you understand their significance.
Usually you will have had some promising results and some that did not fit with what you expected. Discuss why things may have gone wrong and what could be done to refine the results in future.
Suggest what changes in experimental design might improve the results; there is no right or wrong in science, only progress. Finally, you can discuss at the end ideas for further research, either refining the experiment or suggesting new areas. Even if your paper was a one off, somebody may come along and decide that they find your research interesting and that they would like to continue from where you left off. This is really just a more elaborate version of the abstract.
In a few paragraphs you should summarize your findings. Your abstract will do most of this for you but, as long as you do not get carried away, especially for longer reports, it can help the reader absorb your findings a little more.
Include all of your direct references here, even if you only found a couple of sentences. In the case where somebody referred to an original source, reference that too, but if you did not manage to get hold of it, try to rewrite so that you will not have to reference or use "referred in"-citation. Although the standards are somewhat different, citations in the text should not be too difficult to master. Some paper formats allow you to include footnotes in the text, while some do not allow footnotes.
Authors frequently want to include tables and figures in the text. Sometimes the format or standard prohibits the authors from entering tables and figures directly into the text where you want your table.
Sometimes they have to be included after the main text. Please observe that most scientific fields and paper formats have their own specific rules and standards of writing. You will have to check with your faculty or school to know exactly how to write the paper - the guide is meant as an overview of academic papers in general. Publication of your article can be a very time-consuming process.
After writing the academic paper, the researchers submit it to a journal. Typically you start with the most regarded journal and then work yourself down the list, until a journal accepts the article. Scientific journals use peer review process , which is a panel of other researchers most likely in the same field who review the work, to ensure that the quality of the paper.
Publication bias is a well known phenomenon, as the peer review process often rejects "null results". A journal rejection does not necessarily mean that you do not have a chance to resubmit the journal though. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Oskar Blakstad Oct 4, Write a Research Paper. Retrieved Sep 13, from Explorable.
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Welcome to A Research Guide. We’re here to help you write your research papers. Scholars and librarians have collated some of the best resources for literary research and we have the latest styleguides to guide you through footnoting, referencing and bibliographies.
A Guide on How to Write Academic Papers. This guide aims to help you write a research paper. Usually, the purpose of a research paper is known before writing it. It can be formulated as a research paper question, a thesis statement or a hypothesis statement.
Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide. The research paper outline is essential for any article or term paper. The outline may make a great difference on how your work is interpreted. This article is a part of the guide.
Watch video · Research Papers. Writing research Think of it this way, anyone who reads your paper should be able to look up the information you have in your paper. The APA Guide has a page on creating references complete with examples for each type of resource you may encounter while researching. A research paper generally consists of information and conclusions based on material already written or recorded by other people. Although some original ideas and insights are desirable in a research paper, most information will be borrowed, in one form or another, from previous research and writing.